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The learned author has missed many aspects of Nepalese culture. The so called Virupakshya is described by him as a nobel man. If the author had studied more carefully he would not have missed the third eye indicating that the figure is one of the manifestations of Shiva and not a nobel man.
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Tourism in Nepal
Nepal is a tourist's paradise with an infinite variety of interesting things to see and do. Nepal has many things to offer the visitor the flourishing of art and architecture a demonstrated by the temples of Kathmandu Valley, the natural beauties of the soaring peaks of Himalayas including Mountain Everest and others.
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Tourism in Nepal The Primordial Energy of Kali
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TOURISM IN NEPAL
 

Nepal has many things to offer to the visitors-the flourishing art and architectures to the natural beauties of the soaring peaks of Himalayas. Kathmandu, the magical kingdom’s capital, alone has 7 UNESCO-rated World Heritage Sites within a distance of 20 kms radius. They include three Durbar Squares (palaces) of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgoan plus Changu Narayan Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhnath Stupa and Swambhunath Stupa. As per Mr W.Kirkartik, “Kathmandu valley has as many temples as houses and as many gods as people”. Some scholars emphasize that there are more festivals than the days in a calendar of year.
Worlds’ only Hindu Kingdom and birthplace of Lord Buddha, Nepal has 60 ethnic groups, 11 major languages, 70 dialects. One of the tribal groups from western Nepal, Rana Tharus, wears 32 different types of ornaments which weigh about 8 kilos. It’s a paradise for anthropologists!
The north-south distance of 150 km in some place reflects varied temperature from tropical to frigid. And cultures and lifestyle too varies. The people in higher mountain region may not take shower/bath for three months whereas in Terai people may opt for three times a day due to climatological difference. During 1950’s, trekking was quite popular here; today mountaineering has gained momentum.
Until 1949, Nepal was closed to foreign visitors. However, a few were invited by the Rana rulers and allowed to enter the Valley. Traveling to Kathmandu was restricted to any person without Visa and a special approval required even to Nepalese and Indians. Expedition was not permitted from Nepal and it was possible only via Tibet, until China Red Army invasion in Tibet after which the door was closed.
After Democracy in 1950, Nepal gradually opened itself to foreigners, contributing to tourism development. Many a tourist and travel writers were influenced and impressed by the Nepalese culture, where even the beggars smiled.
Although the door was opened, it was the largest inhabited country yet unexplored by Europeans. The restrictions were specially disconcerting to alpinists who had climbed all of the most challenging European peaks and were eager to test their skills on the lofty summits of the Himalayas. Lt. Col. Jimmy Robert, an officer, British India Army, was the first to be inspired to play at a trade from the booming interest in mountain tourism. He is the pioneer of numerous first ascents of peaks in Nepal and Pakistan, and has organized logistical support for major Himalayan expeditions. In 1950’s a strong French expedition led by Maurice Herzog reached the Annapurna summit from the north face. Bill Tilman and Charles Houstan traced a way to the foot Khumbu ice-fall in 1950 and a year later Eric Shipton’s team went through the ice falls to reach the western summit. In 1953 Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary were the first people to stand on the summit of the world’s highest mountain- Sagarmatha. In 1970 Yuichiro Miura of Japan become the first descend a large part of Everest on Skis. In 1975 Mrs. Junko Tabei of Japan became the first woman to reach the summit of Everest. Ang Rita Sherpa of Nepal became the first person in the world to scale the Mt. Everest ten times. Likewise Appa Sherpa, 38, has also climbed the Everest nine times and has an ambition to break the world record. A 17 year old French student succeeded to step the top of Everest along with his father in October 1990. Thus he has been the youngest one to climb the highest peaks (over 8000 meters) in the world, out of which 8 are in Nepal. Nepal has about 1310 mountains (6000m and above) whereas till now only 142 mountains are allowed for expeditions.
Himalayan White River Rafting tour is also getting popular in recent days. The river starts from the glaciers of the high mountains. The people do fun and safety trips too. No other countries could perhaps offer such multi-days choices, away from roads, in such magnificent mountain surroundings. Rafting is the best way to explore a typical cross section of the country’s natural as well as ethno-cultural heritage in a land where river is regarded as goddess and used for the purpose of various religious rituals such as cremations.
Besides Nepal is also home to animals like Asiatic elephant, one–horned rhinoceros, Gaur, tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, sloth bear, deer, languor, snow-leopard, red pandas, pigmy hog, black buck, wild yak, wild water buffalo, Tibetan wolf, swamps deer, swamps deer, gangetic dolphin, brown bear, gharial, Asiatic rock python, golden monitor lizard, and 840 different species of wet land migratory and residential birds.

 
Diwas Dhakal
(The Sunday Post, August16, 1998)

 

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Nepalese Culture, Society and Tourism
By: Diwas Dhakal

This book is a collection
of essays devoted to the
Nepalese Culture,Society and Tourism. A special
stress on Natural and
cultural Heritage of Nepal has been very carefully emphasised.
Diwas Dhakal, 2000 ISBN 99933-570-0-6,
First Edition 2000
Published by:
Mukta Dhakl
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Contents:

Tourism in Nepal: A Critical Analysis

Ghandruk: A Socio-cultural Study

The Aqua Culture of Kathmandu

People, Nature and Wild Life in Makalu - Barun

Purnachandi Bhuja Jatra of Patan: A Protection from Lightening

Vajrayan Buddhism and Nepal

The Accumulate Stupa of Ramagrama

The Stupa of Boudhnath: A World Heritage Site

Pagoda Style Architecture and Nepal

Development of Architecture in Nepal

 
 
 
 
 
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