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The learned author has missed many aspects of Nepalese culture. The so called Virupakshya is described by him as a nobel man. If the author had studied more carefully he would not have missed the third eye indicating that the figure is one of the manifestations of Shiva and not a nobel man.
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Tourism in Nepal
Nepal is a tourist's paradise with an infinite variety of interesting things to see and do. Nepal has many things to offer the visitor the flourishing of art and architecture a demonstrated by the temples of Kathmandu Valley, the natural beauties of the soaring peaks of Himalayas including Mountain Everest and others.
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Tourism in Nepal The Primordial Energy of Kali
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Nepalese Tourism Harnessing Touristic Resources
 

NEPAL is a tourist's paradise with an infinite variety of interesting things to see and do. Nepal has many things to offer the visitors – the art and architecture of the temples of Kathmandu Valley, the towering peak of Mount Everest, and spectacularly, views of mountains such as Machhapuchare and Amadablam. Besides the3se there is the Mount Gauri Shankar, Believed to be the home of Lord Shiva and his consort, Goddess Parvat the Ganesh Himal, referred as the home of the elephant God Ganesh and the Mount Annapurna named after the Goddess of Plenty. As a matter of fact, draped along the greatest heights of the Himalaya, the Kingdom of Nepal is the land of eternal fascination, a land of ancient history, colorful cultures and peoples, superb scenery and has some of the best trekking routes in the world.

Diversity

With a population of about 20 million, the people of Nepal are as diverse as the terrain in language, custom and culture. From mountain to valley to plateau to plains, the ethnic groups vary as much as the climates.

Kathmandu Valley is the magical kingdom's capital with seven world renowned heritages within a distance of 20 kms. radius. All three Durbar Suares, Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, are full of curio artifacts. There are more festivals celebrated there than the days in our calendar. Mr. W. Kirkpartick commented that Kathmandu Valley has "As many temples as many People". Majority of tourists and visitors are attracted by the cultural heritage of Kathmandu Valley. Cultural resources of potential use for tourism exist throughout the Kingdom which embraces a combination of northern and southern Asian cultures, representing no less than 60 ethics groups, dozens of languages, 70 dialects and two major religions. One of the tribal groups in western Nepal (Rana Tharus) wear 32 types of ornaments which weigh about 8 kgs. Nepal has so many rich culture and heritage worth feeling and studying.

Although Nepal is officially a Hindu country, two religious dominate the lives of the people here – Hinduism and Buddhism. Here both the religions have coexisted amicably for centuries and many people perform both festivals that still into the streets of the cities with a great deal of fervour and gaiety Nepal offers the easiest and the shortest route to Tibet. Since the opening of Tibet, the route from Kathmandu has become increasingly popular. There are no seasonal hazards in traveling through this beautiful Himalayan Kingdom.

The growth in international tourism has made great strides in Nepal during the last four decades. This scenario has been reflected by the dramatic increase of tourists in recent years. There were 4017 number of tourists in 1960 whereas it reached a total of 393,613 tourists in 1996, indicating an increase by many folds during 36 years (1960-1996). Nepal received a total number of 393,613 tourists in 1996 as against 363, 395 of 1995 reflecting an increase of 30,218.

Tourism sector has been playing a vital role in recent years to enhance the world economic. In addition it creates a vital impact in the social aspects of a nation. Likewise, this industry forms not only a major source of foreign exchange to our country where exportable items are limited but also creates employment opportunities and income. Besides, tourism has been accepted in our country as a catalyst for world peace, international friendship and understanding.
The tourist sector has been contributing substantially in the national income by way of earning convertible foreign exchange. The total revenue from this sector has been reported to be US $ 116,644,000 for the year 1996. There are 632 tourist hotels with a total of 13084 hotel rooms or 25638 hotel beds. In the Kathmandu Valley 293 hotels with 7991 rooms or 15477 beds were available at the end of the year 1996. Outside the valley 339 hotels with 5093 rooms or 10227 beds were available for the tourists in the same year.

As tourism continues to remain the most important segment of Nepalese economy in 1997, due the negative growth in other industrial sectors of the country, the government has been planning to receive more and more international tourists in the future years. 500,000 tourists planned to visit the country in the Visit Nepal Year 1998. Similarly, the total tourist arrival would reach 635,000 in the year 2000, 761,000 in 2005 and 952,000 in 2010. To absorb this level of growth in tourist traffic, considerable investments in hotels and resorts, infrastructure development, expansion of international air services and strengthening of institutional arrangements for tourism manpower to keep pace with the growing international tourism industry.

Tourism in additional to being the most important segment of Nepalese economy, has played a critical role in international recognition of Kathmandu's cultural heritage, better appreciation of Nepalese art and handicrafts production.

Tourism has added many positive aspects in the world economy but it has brought with itself many negative aspects also. Nepal is not an exception to this paradox. We are facing, the changes in the ethnic demography and culture of Kathmandu, commercialization in people's attitudes and dealings, leaving our culture behinds. Sponsored shows for the pleasure of the tourists, unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of carpet industry, pollution and voyeurism makes every thing in the country look like it is on sale. Besides, crime rate art theft street begging has increased in the recent years.

Due these negative aspects despite the increase in foreign exchange, tourism industries have more critics than admires. Edmund Hillary, the hero of Everest in 1953, nicknamed it "the world's biggest junkyard." The problem of increasing piles of non-biodegradable litter and garbage in the Mt. Everest and Khumbu areas, introduced by trekkers and mountaineers has already become almost insurmountable.

Paradise

All said and done, Nepal is a tourist paradise, a Shangri-la. The country offers varieties of attraction to the tourists. If Nepal to achieve its tourism industrial goal she much achieve the goal of Salzburg's tourism promotion policy. The goal Salzgurg's tourism promotion is not any longer to increase the number of arrivals but to maintain the high standard of services and at the same time protect the cultural heritage and the environment and make sure that it is passed on undestroyed to future generations.

 

-DIWAS DHAKAL
(The Rising Nepal, July 4, 1998)

 

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Nepalese Culture, Society and Tourism
By: Diwas Dhakal

This book is a collection
of essays devoted to the
Nepalese Culture,Society and Tourism. A special
stress on Natural and
cultural Heritage of Nepal has been very carefully emphasised.
Diwas Dhakal, 2000 ISBN 99933-570-0-6,
First Edition 2000
Published by:
Mukta Dhakl
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Contents:

Tourism in Nepal: A Critical Analysis

Ghandruk: A Socio-cultural Study

The Aqua Culture of Kathmandu

People, Nature and Wild Life in Makalu - Barun

Purnachandi Bhuja Jatra of Patan: A Protection from Lightening

Vajrayan Buddhism and Nepal

The Accumulate Stupa of Ramagrama

The Stupa of Boudhnath: A World Heritage Site

Pagoda Style Architecture and Nepal

Development of Architecture in Nepal

 
 
 
 
 
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