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The learned author has missed many aspects of Nepalese culture. The so called Virupakshya is described by him as a nobel man. If the author had studied more carefully he would not have missed the third eye indicating that the figure is one of the manifestations of Shiva and not a nobel man.
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Tourism in Nepal
Nepal is a tourist's paradise with an infinite variety of interesting things to see and do. Nepal has many things to offer the visitor the flourishing of art and architecture a demonstrated by the temples of Kathmandu Valley, the natural beauties of the soaring peaks of Himalayas including Mountain Everest and others.
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Tourism in Nepal
-DIWAS DHAKAL
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Nepal is a tourists’ paradise with an infinite of interesting to see and do. Nepal has many things to offer the visitors t– the flourishing of art and architectures as demonstrated in the temples of Kathmandu Valley, the natural beauties of the soaring peaks of Himalaya including Mt. Everest and others. Long before recorded history make its mark on the land, legends recount that Kathmandu Valley with its cultural heritage has been the main tourist attraction. Kathmandu Valley is the magical kingdoms’ capital having seven UNESCO World renowned Heritage Sites within a distance of 20 kms radius. Those seven heritages are three Durbar Squares (palaces) of cities of Kathmandu, Patan, Bhadgaon, Changu Narayan Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Bouddhanath Stupa and Swayambhunath Stupa. These places are full of curiosity and festivals. As per Mr. W. Kirkartick, “Kathmandu valley has as many temples as many houses and as many gods as many people”. Some scholar emphasis that there are more festivals than the days in a calendar in a year.

During 1950’s Nepal achieved popularity on trekking business, the new adventure tourism that is being much popular and started a mountain era. Nepal was very popular as trekking and mountaineering destination. It has been trekkers’ paradise. Thus, since 1949 Nepal became one of the most popular destination for trekking as well as mountain expedition.

Nepalese name of Mt. Everest is Sagarmatha (sagar + matha = sea + head) in Sanskrit and the Tibetans address her as Chomoluoyma. The name of the Everest is after a British surveyor General George Everest, in 19th Century. Until 1949, Nepal was closed to foreign visitors. Only few people were invited by the Rana rulers and allowed to enter Kathmandu Valley. Traveling to Kathmandu was restricted to any person without Visa and a special approval required even to Nepalese and Indians, foreigners were absolutely neglected. For people, to travel Kathmandu for trekking and expedition was only possible if they were an invitee of Rana or if they carried a foreign mission request letter. Expedition was not permitted from Nepal. After establishment of Democracy in Nepal in 1950, Nepalese tourism has been fortunate as it got an opportunity to open the door in all fields of tourism, trekking and expedition. The responses of people were very friendly and affectionate which was impressive enough to encourage foreigners.

Subsequently, the door opened, it was the largest inhabited country yet unexplored by Europeans. The restrictions were especially disconcerting to alpinists who had climbed all of the most challenging European peaks and were eager to test their skills on the lofty summits of the Himalayan. Lt. Col. Jimmy Robert, an officer, British India Army was the first to be inspired to play at a trade from the booming interest in mountain tourism. Robert is the pioneer of numerous first ascents of peaks in Nepal and Pakistan, and had organized logistical peaks in Nepal and Pakistan, and has organized logistical support for major Himalayan expeditions. So, we may remark him as Father of Nepal Trekking. In 1950s’, a strong French expeditions led by Maurice Herzog reached the Annapurna submit from the north face. Bill Tilman and Charles Houston traced a way to the foot of the Khumbu ice-fall in 1950 and a year later Eric Shipton’s team went through the ice falls to reach the western. In 1953 Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first people to stand on the summit of the highest mountain in the world or the mother of the universe.

Nepal has also a popular Himalayan White River Rafting tour. The river starts from glaciers of the high mountains. The people do fun and safety trips too. Why people do rafting in Nepal? Nepal can also be said as a rivers runner’s paradise and no other countries can offer such multi-day choices, away from roads, in such magnificent mountain surroundings, with warm river water, it has a sub-tropical climate, peculiar geography, exotic culture, wildlife and friendly welcoming people, and also peculiar Nepalese aqua culture. Rafting is the best way to explore a typical cross section of the country’s natural as well as ethno-cultural heritage.

We would also find here different kind of animals like Asiatic elephant, one-horned rhinoceros. Gaur, tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, sloth bear, deer, languor’s, snow-leopard, red pandas, pigmy hog, black buck, wild yak, wild water buffalo, Tibetan wolf, swamps deer, Gangetic dolphin, brown bear, reptiles such as Gharial, Asiatic rock python, Golden monitor lizard, and 840 different species of wet land migratory and residential birds. We have 13 national parks, wildlife reserves and conservation areas. The two are listed in World Heritage sites such as Everest National Park and Royal Chitwan National Park. Nepal also has Hunting Reserve area.

This article has been published in "Nepal My Destination" on September 27, 2002
 
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Nepalese Culture, Society and Tourism
By: Diwas Dhakal

This book is a collection
of essays devoted to the
Nepalese Culture,Society and Tourism. A special
stress on Natural and
cultural Heritage of Nepal has been very carefully emphasised.
Diwas Dhakal, 2000 ISBN 99933-570-0-6,
First Edition 2000
Published by:
Mukta Dhakl
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Contents:

Tourism in Nepal: A Critical Analysis

Ghandruk: A Socio-cultural Study

The Aqua Culture of Kathmandu

People, Nature and Wild Life in Makalu - Barun

Purnachandi Bhuja Jatra of Patan: A Protection from Lightening

Vajrayan Buddhism and Nepal

The Accumulate Stupa of Ramagrama

The Stupa of Boudhnath: A World Heritage Site

Pagoda Style Architecture and Nepal

Development of Architecture in Nepal

 
 
 
 
 
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